All You Need To Know About Renal Calculi
The medical term for kidney stones is ‘renal calculi’ which are small and solid masses of crystals that originate in the kidney and made up of mineral and acid salts. Though kidney stones form in the kidney but they can be transported in any part of the urinary tract that includes kidneys, bladders, ureters, and urethra. When one have renal calculi they suffer from the immense amount of pain because stones causes injuries and blockage in the urinary tract. Nephroliathiasis is also a term used for renal stones when stones are present in kidneys and when stones are present in urinary system expect the kidneys known as urolithiasis.
What are the types of Kidney Stones?
Kidney stones are form when there are more solid waste particles filtered by the kidneys and these particles stay in the kidneys makes stones. The crystals of kidney stones are always not same in the origin. The main types of kidney stones can be divided into four broad classifications:
- Calcium Oxalate: It is the most common type and called as mulberry calculi. It is irregular in shape, covered with sharp projections and causes bleeding.
- Phosphate calculus: these are smooth, round, dirty white or yellowish in colour. These occur in acidic urine.
- Uric Acid: Uric acid stones develop when the urine becomes too acidic. These are multiple, hexagonal, multifaceted color varies from yellow to reddish brown. It mostly affects men in comparison to women. Also, one should note that kidney stone in women is a very common disease.
- Struvite: This stones generally develops in women who are suffering from urinary tract infection.
- Cystine: This stones can develop both in men and women who are suffering from genetic disorder named ‘cystinuria’. These are multiple, hexagonal, pink or yellow in color and occurs in acidic urine.
What Causes Kidney Stones?
Chances are very high that if you are creating less than one liter of urine in a day, you will suffer from kidney stones. A kidney stone is common in premature babies and apart from that, it affects men and women who lie in the age group of 20 to 40. Kidney stone might be caused both due to genetic factor like Cystine stones and also because of your food habit and lifestyle. The most common causes of kidney stones are listed below:
- Dehydration: When you will consume less water, it is very obvious that you will produce less urine.
- Obesity: There is a very strong link between obesity and kidney stones. And researchers have found that this risk is higher in women.
- High-protein, salt or glucose diet: Excessive of anything is high and this is clearly evident from the fact that high-protein, salt, and glucose diet leads to a kidney stone. Salt increases the chances of kidney stone by increasing the amount of calcium in your urine.
- Gastric bypass surgery: After going through a gastric bypass surgery, the urine composition of the body changes which can lead to kidney stones.
- Inflammatory bowel diseases: These diseases increase the amount of calcium absorption and it leads to the development of calcium kidney stones.
- Medicines: If one takes medicines like diuretics, calcium-based antacids, and anti-seizure drugs, chances are high that the amount of calcium will increase in the urine again which can cause kidney stones.
- Immobilization like in spinal cord injuries.
- Some diseases like High blood pressure, Gout, Hypercalciuria, Hyperthyroidism increase the risk of renal stones.
- Hot climate also increases the chances of stones due to excessive sweating.
- Family history of renal stones
What are the signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stones?
One common symptom of the people who are suffering from a kidney stone is that they face severe pain which appears first in the back, just below the ribs and radiates to the lower abdomen and groin. Pain comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity. The pain should be accompanied with one or more of the following kidney stone symptoms:
Presence of blood in the urine
Foul smelling urine
Frequent urination tendency with Small amount of urine
But one thing that you should note that if the kidney stones in the body are in its initial stage of development, you may not encounter any such symptoms. And therefore, it is better if you carry out a regular diagnosis of your body.
How One Can Diagnose Kidney Stones?
There are many ways of diagnosing kidney stones but the most common of them are:
- Blood tests
- Blood urea nitrogen and creatinine test
- Urine analysis
- Abdominal X-rays
- Intravenous pyelogram
- Retrograde pyelogram
- CT scan
What kind of lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of kidney stones?
- Drink a plenty of water: When the kidney stones are in the developing phase, you can eliminate them from the body just by drinking a lot of water. When the amount of water is increased in the body, it gets easy for the body to eradicate the stones through urine.
- Consume less sugar: Sugar is not good for kidney. Avoid sugar and sugary drinks in your diet. When you consume more sugar in your diet, the mineral distribution in the body gets disturbed and this disturbance favors the creation of kidney stones.
- Maintain your diet: Choose a diet which is low in salt and animal protein. Also avoid taking vitamin D supplements and oxalate rich foods as it increases the level of calcium oxalate in the body. The calcium in food doesn’t causes stones but amount of oxalate in some foods like spinach, nuts, chocolate and seeds cause stones.
- Hot yoga and heavy exercise may be good for the health, but they also may lead to kidney stones. The more sweating, the less urination, which allows stone-causing minerals to settle and bond in the kidneys and urinary tract.
- Lose weight if you are overweight. Being overweight makes your kidneys work harder.
- Get enough magnesium: It prevents calcium from combining with oxalate – the most common type of kidney stone.
- Eat enough calcium from natural foods .If you don’t consume enough calcium from the foods you eat, oxalate levels start to rise in the body, which can cause kidney stones.
Homeopathic Treatment of Renal Calculi
Homeopathy treatment for renal calculi will not only solve the problem of the kidney stones but will improve the health of the person as a whole. The type of homeopathic treatment of renal calculi depends on the symptoms that the patient is displaying. Kidney stones homeopathy treatment includes:
- Calcarea carb In a Calc. patient ischilly, cold sweating feet, sweating face, head sweats at night. Often fat, flabby and weak. Lethargic. Longs for eggs.
- Lithium carb “Pains in heart when urinating: when bending over.” Heavy deposits, urine; dark, reddish brown. Soreness and sharp sticking pain right side of bladder.
- Berberis Vulgaris: It is the medicine that is prescribed by the doctors when there is a sharp pain in the left side of the kidney. The medicine helps to lower down the burning sensation of the pain that passes from the left kidney towards the thigh.
- Benzoic acid: Benzoic acid can be taken by the patient when there is a strong urine odor. Also, if the color of the urine is brown instead of a transparent color then you can take Benzoic acid to treat it.
- Phosphorus : Dull pain in renal region with purulent, chalky or sandy sediment in urine. Phos. craves cold food: ices: salt. Can’t lie on left side. Fear of thunder. darkness.
- Tabacum: Pains down the ureter, with deathly sickness and cold sweat. Nausea with burning heat in abdomen the rest of the body being cold.
Few of the above-mentioned treatment include home remedies for kidney stones and this can be followed easily by the patient. Gupta Homoeo Clinic is a trusted clinic because it has successfully treated the diseases of many patients by using homeopathic way. The clinic has more than 40 years of experience and it has treated many cases of renal calculi. If you want to treat the kidney stones without undergoing any surgery, homeopathic treatment is the key to solve the problem.